How to Reset MAC OS X DOCK to DEFAULT SETTINGS

First launch the Terminal app, located in the Utilities folder under Applications, or just hit Cmd + Space and type “Terminal“.

Type (copy & paste) the command below:

defaults delete com.apple.dock; killall Dock

Then hit return.

Your Dock will now be new as the day it shipped. You are free to mess it up again 🙂

Settings.canDrawOverlays() allays returns ‘false’ on Android O

I was updating one of my clients app, and testing it how it behaves on Android O (API 26). The app requires permissions to draw over system windows (android.permission.SYSTEM_ALERT_WINDOW). On Android 6 (API 23) and up, you are obligated to request ‘special’ permissions while the app is running.

The ‘SYSTEM_ALERT_WINDOW’ permission is a special permission that breaks the rules set by the new permission model available on Android 6 (API 23) and up. It’s request involves calling Settings.canDrawOverlays() and if it returns ‘false‘ starting ‘Settings‘ where the user can choose to grant your app the ability to draw overlays or not.

if(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
{
   // On API 23 and later ask the user to grant us permission to draw system overlay
   // windows.
   if (!Settings.canDrawOverlays(this))
   {
      Intent intent = new Intent(
             Settings.ACTION_MANAGE_OVERLAY_PERMISSION,
             Uri.parse("package:" + getPackageName()));
 
      startActivityForResult(intent, REQUEST_PERMISSION_SYSTEM_OVERLAY_RESULT);
   }
}

There is a bug with Settings.canDrawOverlays() (only) on API 26 where it will always return ‘false’ disregarding the actual user decision. The workaround provided here is a bit ugly, but does not involves restarting the app (which will be quite annoying for the user) after the permission is granted.

The code below first checks the result of System.canDrawOverlays() if it returns ‘true’ it continues with the rest of the application flow. If it returns ‘false’ a check if we are running on Android O (API 26) is performed. If that’s the case, we are calling our ‘workaround’ method.

The ‘workaround’ method tries to add an invisible overlay window on the screen, and if that’s OK we assume that we have a permission to draw overlays, else an exception is thrown.

@Override
    protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data)
    {
        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);
 
        if(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.M) return; if(requestCode == REQUEST_PERMISSION_SYSTEM_OVERLAY_RESULT) { if(Settings.canDrawOverlays(this)) { m_permissionSystemOverlayWindowGranted = true; if(m_permissionReadPhoneStateGranted && m_permissionProcessOutgoingCallsGranted) { startService(new Intent(this, EstatePlusService.class)); m_layoutNoPermissions.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE); m_progressBar.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE); m_layoutLogin.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE); } } else if(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT == Build.VERSION_CODES.O) { // NOTE: This is a workaround to fix the bug in Android O where the // Settings.canDrawOverlays() will always return 'false' if(canDrawOverlays(this)) { m_permissionSystemOverlayWindowGranted = true; if(m_permissionReadPhoneStateGranted && m_permissionProcessOutgoingCallsGranted) { startService(new Intent(this, EstatePlusService.class)); m_layoutNoPermissions.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE); m_progressBar.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE); m_layoutLogin.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE); } } } } } /** * Workaround for Android O */ public static boolean canDrawOverlays(Context context) { try { WindowManager windowManager = (WindowManager) context.getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE); if (windowManager == null) { return false; } final View viewToAdd = new View(context); WindowManager.LayoutParams params = new WindowManager.LayoutParams( 0, 0, android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.O ?
                                    WindowManager.LayoutParams.TYPE_APPLICATION_OVERLAY : WindowManager.LayoutParams.TYPE_SYSTEM_ALERT,
                            WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_NOT_TOUCHABLE | WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_NOT_FOCUSABLE, PixelFormat.TRANSPARENT);
            viewToAdd.setLayoutParams(params);
            windowManager.addView(viewToAdd, params);
            windowManager.removeView(viewToAdd);
            return true;
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
 
        return false;
    }

Connecting my PC XT clone to the network: Part 1 – Ethernet adapter

I currently work on connecting my PC XT clone to my home network. But why? What are the benefits of connecting a 30 years old machine to the network?

It gives me one more reason to fire up my Pravetz 16 🙂 It would be cool chatting on IRC on that monochrome (green and black) monitor, running an FTP server for file transfers between the PC XT and other PC’s on the network or an HTTP server, etc…

The PC XT will be connected to the network using the so called ‘Thin Ethernet‘ (10Base2) using a coaxial cable and BNC connectors. Why? Because finding 8-bit ISA compatible Ethernet card is extremely rare nowadays, and chances to find one with RJ45 connector are close to zero.

My long search for 8-bit ISA network adapter finally gave results and for 10$ I’m an owner of PLUS & PLUS PCN-001.

Plus & Plus PNC-001 Ethernet adpater
Plus & Plus PNC-001 Ethernet adpater

It’s 10Mbps Ethernet card with support for coaxial and DIX transceiver wiring. It has an option for a boot ROM but mine don’t have a chip. This card is a clone of AMERICAN RESEARCH CORPORATION PNC-001, it’s NE1000 compatible and supported by the NE1000 driver for DOS available in the many-other-drivers.zip along with many other packet drives, thanks to Crynwr Software!

After a bit of googling I found the required information on how to configure the adapter here. That exact same information is copy / pasted at the end of this post for future references.

Setting the IRQ to 2, the I/O base address to 200h, and disabling the boot ROM and DMA settings, changing the cable type jumpers from ‘DIX transceiver via DB-15 port’ to ‘RG-58A/U 50ohm coaxial’ I booted the PC, loaded the NE1000 driver

C:\>ne1000 0x7E 2 0x200

UPDATE 16/02/2016: I was having problems receiving network packets, changing the IRQ to 5 and I/O base address to 0x280h resolved the problem.

NE1000 packet driver loaded
NE1000 packet driver loaded
and success! The card is working! 10$ well spend 🙂

NOTE: Installation instructions for packet drivers are in INSTALL.DOC (many-other-drivers.zip)

The Ethernet adapter is now configured and working properly. This concludes Part 1 of the series of articles about connecting my PC XT to the network. Later I will review other vital network component. The Surecom Ether Perfect 517T hub with BNC connector.

PLUS & PLUS (AMERICAN RESEARCH CORPORATION) PNC-001 Jumper settings (Information taken from Total Hardware 1999 page on the topic available here.)

40191-1

I/O BASE ADDRESS

Address SW1/1 SW1/2 SW1/3 SW1/4 SW1/5
200h Off On On On On
220h Off On On On Off
240h Off On On Off On
260h Off On On Off Off
280h Off On Off On On
2A0h Off On Off On Off
2C0h Off On Off Off On
2E0h Off On Off Off Off
300h (default) Off Off On On On
320h Off Off On On Off
340h Off Off On Off On
360h Off Off On Off Off
380h Off Off Off On On
3A0h Off Off Off On Off
3C0h Off Off Off Off On
3E0h Off Off Off Off Off

BOOT ROM

Setting SW1/6
Disabled (default) Off
Enabled On

BOOT ROM ADDRESS

Address SW1/7 SW1/8 SW1/9 SW1/10
C0000h On On On On
C4000h On On On Off
C8000h On On Off On
CC000h On On Off Off
D0000h On Off On On
D4000h On Off On Off
D8000h On Off Off On
DC000h (default) On Off Off Off
E0000h Off On On On
E4000h Off On On Off
E8000h Off On Off On
EC000h Off On Off Off
F0000h Off Off On On
F4000h Off Off On Off
F8000h Off Off Off On
FC000h Off Off Off Off

INTERRUPT REQUEST

IRQ JP1A JP1B JP1C JP1D
2 Closed Open Open Open
3 (default) Open Closed Open Open
4 Open Open Closed Open
5 Open Open Open Closed

DMA CHANNEL

Channel JP1F JP1G JP1H JP1I
DMA1 (default) Closed Open Closed Open
DMA3 Open Closed Open Closed

CABLE TYPE

Type JP2A – JP2F
RG-58A/U 50ohm coaxial (default) Pins 1 & 2 closed
DIX transceiver via DB-15 port Pins 2 & 3 closed

FACTORY CONFIGURED SETTINGS

Jumper Setting
JP1E Open